Calabria Calabria occupies the southernmost part of the Italian peninsula,
the tip of the "boot". Is itself a peninsula: long and narrow, jutting into the Mediterranean, dividing the Tyrrhenian Sea from the Ionian. The Strait of Messina separates Sicily. It is bordered by a single region: Basilicata, in the north. For the remainder is washed by the sea about 750 km of coastline, mostly high and rocky, full of bays, inlets, headlands.
The Apennines cover almost the whole territory. L'Appennino Calabrese is not a unitary whole, but is divided into several groups. The three most important are, from north to south: the massif of Mount Pollino, with the highest peak of Calabria, Serra Dolcedorme (2,267 m), the Sila, a massive woody, broad, rich in rivers and lakes (highest peak, Mount Botte Donato, 1928 m), the Aspromonte (highest peak, the Montalto, 1.955 m).
Between the mountains and the sea, somewhere you can find small plains (occupying around 9% of the territory), as the plain of St. Euphemia and the plain of Gioia Tauro on the Tyrrhenian Sea, the plain of Sybaris and Croton on to Ionian. Were once malaria, are now fertile and cultivated. In prehistoric times, in their place was the sea: the plains were of the bays, which then gradually have been filled by debris carried by rivers. (The plains that were formed flood that was his name).
The rivers are many, all short. Here they call the river, have a very wide gravelly bed. In summer the rivers are dry or almost a trickle of water flowing between the rocks. In autumn and winter swell dangerously with water, causing disastrous floods and landslides. Rivers with more regular regime are few: the crater, the Neto, the Tacina, which arise from and Silas are thrown in the Ionian Sea. In the Sila there are also quite extensive lakes, such as loss of sight and Arvo, the censer, and many sources. This abundance of water is used to produce hydroelectric power.
Calabria is the entire earthquake zone, which is subject to earthquakes: for this reason must keep its long history, only a few remains.
In Calabria, no place is more than 50 km from the sea: this despite the moderating influence of the sea does not act uniformly. So there are areas inside the alpine climate, with very severe winters and extreme changes in temperature between winter and summer, while a few kilometers on the coast, there is a Mediterranean climate with mild winters and summers are warm but ventilated. In autumn and winter it rains a lot, especially on the Tyrrhenian side, where you download the moisture-laden winds from the Atlantic.


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